Lithuania Swings Center-Right 10/26 07:10
VILNIUS, Lithuania (AP) -- A center-right coalition in Lithuania, led by the
conservative Homeland Union, is headed back to power after eight years in the
opposition after winning the most votes in a weekend parliamentary runoff.
Key challenges looming for the new three-party coalition will be tackling a
budget deficit, a growing health crisis and high unemployment caused by the
Lithuania, a nation of 2.8 million, has seen its economy hit hard by the
pandemic. Unemployment rose from 9% in February to over 14% in September. The
outgoing parliament drafted a 2021 budget with a 4-billion euro ($4.7 billion)
"These were rather typical European elections as disappointed voters turned
to the opposition in hopes of more effective management and better results,"
said Mazvydas Jastramskis, a political analyst at Vilnius University.
On Monday, party leaders agreed to form a center-right coalition that will
have a majority in the 141-seat parliament, the Seimas. Former presidential
candidate Ingrida Simonyte of the Homeland Union is likely to become the Baltic
country's next prime minister, the three parties said in a joint statement.
After two rounds of voting, the Homeland Union party had won 50 seats, and
its partners, the Liberal Movement and a political newcomer, the Freedom Party,
got 13 and 11 seats each, respectively. Together they secured a majority with
74 seats, clearing the minimum of 71 seats to be able to form a government.
The outgoing senior ruling party, the Farmers and Greens, won only 32 seats
while their supporters -- the Social Democrats and the populist Labour party --
got 13 and 10 seats respectively.
In Sunday's elections, 68 seats were up for grabs while the remaining seats
had been allotted after the first round.
"They will immediately find themselves under rather strong pressure to cope
with the virus and that may force the Homeland Union to be more flexible in
negotiations with coalition partners," said Kestutis Girnius, political analyst
at Vilnius University.
On Sunday, the southernmost Baltic country reported a record high number of
new coronavirus cases, 603. The worsening of the outbreak is seen as likely to
have affected voter turnout Sunday, which was just under 40%, lower than the
more than 47% in the first round.
Overall, Lithuania has had more than 10,000 cases and 134 deaths.
Authorities set up special drive-in polling stations where people were required
to wear masks and bring their own pens. These drew more than 7% of Lithuania's
2.5 million registered voters.
Critics have condemned the outgoing government for its handling of the
COVID-19 outbreak. After weeks of hesitation, it imposed a lockdown in 12 of 60
districts taking effect on Monday.
Lithuania, a member of the European Union and NATO, has kept strong
democratic traditions and sustainable economic growth since declaring
independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. It has also played a major
diplomatic role as protests in Belarus, its southern neighbor, have unfolded
against that nation's authoritarian leader.